PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ANALYSIS OF CARROT LEAVES EXTRACT

Authors

  • IBRAHIM MUHAMMAD Department of Chemistry, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • JAMILU USMAN Centre for Membranes and Water Security, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.
  • AMINA ABUBAKAR ZAURO Centre for Membranes and Water Security, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:

phytochemical screening, antibacterial analysis, antibiotics, carrot leaves, drug resistance

Abstract

In recent years, there has been a gradual revival of interest in the use of medicinal plants in developing countries because herbal medicines have been reported to be well tolerated when compared with synthetic drugs. In view of this, the phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of Daucus carota leaves was investigated. The extraction of the leaves shows the carrot leaves has percentage moisture content of 67.00% with mass and percentage yield of 3.16 g, 6.32%. 0.90 g, 2.895, and 0.40 g, 1.35% for the hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol fractions respectively, while the phytochemical screening of different extracts revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and steroids but no tannins, cardiac glycoside and anthraquinones. The antibacterial activity showed that the drug used as positive control (amoxicillin) and various Daucus carota leaves extract possesses antibacterial activity against E. coli, S. aureus and Shigella at prepared concentrations of 0.25 mg/mL, 0.50 mg/mL, 1.00 mg/mL and 2.00 mg/mL. The lowest minimum inhibitory concentrations observed were 0.25 mg/mL for almost all the extract. The minimum bactericidal concentration against S. aureus for all the extract was 0.25 mg/mL 0.50 mg/mL, 1.00 mg/mL and 2.00 mg/mL The results of both the phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity shows that Daucus carota leaves has good potentials for development of new antibacterial drugs.

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Published

2023-12-17

How to Cite

MUHAMMAD, I., USMAN, J., & ZAURO, A. A. (2023). PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIBACTERIAL ANALYSIS OF CARROT LEAVES EXTRACT. Quantum Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 4(4), 11–18. Retrieved from https://qjoest.com/index.php/qjoest/article/view/119

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