• ISMANTO HADI SANTOSO Department of Economy, University of Wijaya Kusuma, East Java, Indonesia.
  • AKAS YEKTI PULIHASIH Faculty of Health, University of Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia.
  • AKAS PINARINGAN SUJALU Faculty of Agriculture, University of 17 Agustus 1945 Samarinda, East Kalimantan, Indonesia.


seed, drying, germinatiory, red pepper


Red peppr is a type of chili that is needed by the community, especially for cooking ingredients and the food sources in Indonesia. There is a need to improve the quantity and quality of domestic red pepper production. In this case, seeds processing be one of factors that can affect the quality of red pepper production, one of them is drying. Drying is a method to reduce the seed moisture content which aims to decrease the respiration rate and the metabolic rate of the seed, so that the seed can be maintained for a longer period of time. The obyectives of experiment were the effect of drying on the germination of Chilli red pepper (Capsicum annum L.). The experiment was conducted at -field laboratory Faculty of Agriculture. The experimental design used was faclorial experiment 2 x 2 aruanged in Complelely Randomized Design (CRD) with replications four times. The first factor-was, drying (D) narnely: room drying (dl) and sun drying (d2). The second factor was drying period (P) namely: I days (pl) and 7 days (p2). The result showed lhat the drying and drying period was afected significanls on the germination.


Agha, M.K.K., Bucklin, R.A., Lee, W.S., Mankin, R.W., Blount, A.S. (2017): Effect of drying conditions on triticale seed germination and rice weevil infestation. – Transactions of the ASABE 60(2): 571-575.

Alves, E.U., Santos-Moura, S.D.S., Moura, M.F.D., Silva, R.D.S., Galindo, E.A. (2017): Drying on the germination and vigor of Crataeva tapia L. seeds. – Ciência Rural 47: 9p.

Bajus, P., Mraz, M., Rigo, I., Findura, P., Fürstenzeller, A., Kielbasa, P., Malaga-Tobola, U. (2019): The influence of drying temperature and moisture of corn seeds planted on their damage. – Agricultural Engineering 23(1): 5-12.

Banful, B., Adjei, P.Y., Achiaa, N.K. (2011): Effect of seed drying on germination behavior and seedling growth of sweetsop (Annona squamosa). – Nong Ye Ke Xue Yu Ji Shu 5(4): 443-447.

de Sousa, J., de Lacerda Filho, S.A.F., Ruffato, S., Berbert, P.A. (2008): Secagem e armazenagem de produtos agrícolas. – Grãos 1(13): 307-323.

Erdoğan, H., Eşref, I.Ş.I.K. (2017): The effect of batch drying at different temperatures on seed germination, physical, and seedling properties of paddy (Oryza sativa L.). – Uludağ Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi 31(1): 137-142.

Finch-Savage, W.E., Bassel, G.W. (2016): Seed vigour and crop establishment: extending performance beyond adaptation. – Journal of Experimental Botany 67(3): 567-591.

Jäkel, N., Witzler, M. (2018): Influence of Germination Aids on Germination of Different Capsicum sp. – Journal of Experimental Agriculture International 20(3): 1-7.

Kermode, A.R. (1990): Regulatory mechanisms involved in the transition from seed development to germination. – Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 9(2): 155-195.

Krestini, E.H., Azmi, C., Rahayu, S. (2017): Viability and healthy test of chili seed with several seed processing. – In Proceeding International Seminar on Tropical Horticulture 2016 6p.

Mangena, P. (2021): Analysis of correlation between seed vigour, germination and multiple shoot induction in soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.). – Heliyon 7(9): 8p.

Park, K.J., Yado, M.K.M., Brod, F.P.R. (2001): Study of the Barlett pear (sp) drying in slices. – PyrusCiência e Tecnologia de Alimentos 21(3): 288-292.

Samarah, N.H. (2005): Effect of drying methods on germination and dormancy of common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) seed harvested at different maturity stages. – Seed Science and Technology 33(3): 733-740.

Wawrzyniak, J., Gawrysiak-Witulska, M., Rudzińska, M. (2019): Dynamics of phytosterol degradation in a bulk of rapeseed stored under different temperature and humidity conditions. – Journal of Stored Products Research 83: 292-304.

Yao, K.B., Adjoumani, K., Kouakou, K.J., Kouakou, T.H. (2020): Effect of drying temperature and conservation conditions on seed viability and seedling vigour in oleaginous gourd (Lagenaria siceraria). – Journal of Applied Biosciences 155(1): 16034-16048.

Yuniarti, N., Nurhasybi, N., Darwo, D. (2016): Karakteristik benih kayu bawang (Azadirachta excelsa (Jack) Jacobs) berdasarkan tingkat pengeringan dan ruang penyimpanan. – Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman 13(2): 105-112.

Yuniarti, N., Nurhasybi, N. (2015): Viability and biochemical content changes in seed storage of jabon putih (Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb) Miq.). – Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika 21(2): 92-98.




How to Cite

SANTOSO, I. H., PULIHASIH, A. Y., & SUJALU, A. P. (2024). EFFECT OF SEED DRYING ON THE QUALITY OF GERMINATION OF CHILLI (CAPSICUM ANNUM L.). Quantum Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 5(1), 56–62. Retrieved from https://qjoest.com/index.php/qjoest/article/view/135