ASSESSMENT OF HOUSEHOLD LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT A CASE STUDY OF ACCRA, GHANA
Keywords:liquid waste, waste management, flaws, performance, fecal matter
The research undertook the performance of waste management systems in Accra which was categorized into four zones; i.e. the high income level, the middle income level, the low income areas and the slum in order to analyze the systems effectively. This is because installations of waste systems differ from various dwellings due to many factors such as economic factors, affordability, infrastructural availability, etc. From both secondary and primary data, the study added to the body of knowledge in management of wastewater treatment which has been described as complex as it deals with the provisions of amenities towards continuous human satisfaction. Household liquid waste management has been found through this research activity as an individual affair as there has not been enough documented literature available to guide the building industry. Another reason was the adoption of unapproved portable systems in the country; most are imported into the country freely and are being installed all over without the ‘stamping’ approval of any authorized body. The study however uncovered a few effective systems that have been functioning well in certain areas especially in lateritic soils and well serviced areas. Those systems were however not suitable in other areas without the same conditions as the treated liquid waste which should be discharged into a drain, etc., do not meet the EPA requirements for such purpose. The water then becomes stagnant thereby causing diarrheal diseases, etc. All these anomalies could be avoided with the introduction of routine workshops and short courses to train installers and interested parties in regular refresher courses.
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