E-PROCTORING SYSTEMS: A REVIEW ON DESIGNING TECHNIQUES, FEATURES AND ABILITIES AGAINST THREATS AND ATTACKS
Keywords:e-proctoring, cheating, threats, cyber security attacks, authentication, LMS
E-proctoring systems have been proposed and discussed by many researchers and developers previously, but each of these systems has strengths and weaknesses in terms of facing fraud, threats and attacks. Where the e-proctoring systems face many problems that stand in the way of their complete adoption by universities and educational institutions that rely on remote learning, and these problems include cheating, plagiarism, impersonation, theft or leakage of questions, attacks and other security issues which compromise the academic integrity of e-exams. This review was conducted to present the components, types, methods, and security issues related to e-proctoring systems and discuss their technologies, features, and strengths and weaknesses to determine the possibility of designing a safe and effective e-proctoring system against threats and attacks. The study concluded that the use of some restriction programs and monitoring devices led to an increase in the efficiency of these systems, but there are still security vulnerabilities facing e-proctoring systems which must be overcome by modern and effective security solutions.
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