EFFECT OF SUBSTITUTING MAIZE WITH SORGHUM WASTE ON BLOOD PARAMETERS OF BROILER IN NIGERIA

Authors

  • JAMES NNAEMEKA OBIENYEM Department of Animal Health and Production Technology, Anambra State Polytechnic, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • REMIGIUS OBINNA EZEBO Department of Botany, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • CHINWENDU NJIDEKA OZOH Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewery, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • JACINTA NWAKAEGO OMUMUABUIKE Department of Animal Science, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • CHINEDU ANENECHUKWU NWANKWO Department of Animal Science and Technology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Anambra State, Nigeria.

Keywords:

substituting, maize, sorghum, waste, blood, broiler

Abstract

This study investigated the effect of substitution of maize with sorghum waste on blood parameters of mixed sex Anak 2000 breed of broiler chickens in the semi-arid zone of Nigeria. Sixty 3 weeks old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to five dietary treatments. Diet 1 contained 0% sorghum waste as control (T1), Diet 2 contained 10% sorghum waste replacing maize (T2), Diet 3 contained 20% sorghum waste replacing maize (T3), Diet 4 contained 30% sorghum waste replacing maize (T4), and Diet 5 contained 40% sorghum waste replacing maize (T5). Each treatment consisted of 12 birds and each treatment was replicated three times in randomized complete block design (RCBD). The blood parameters determined were red blood cells (RBC) count, white blood cells (WBC) count, haemoglobin (Hb) concentration, packed cell volume (PCV), blood protein, blood glucose, blood calcium, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and blood phosphate. For RBC, PVC, Hb, and WBC analysis of variance indicated that the control (T1) had significantly (p<0.05) higher values than the other treatment groups. There were no significant (p>0.05) difference between treatments for MCV, MCH and MCHC and blood glucose. Birds in T3and T4 had significantly higher (p<0.05) blood protein than those in T1, T2 and T5. Also, T3, T4 and T5 treatment groups had significantly higher (p<0.05) blood calcium and blood phosphate than T1 and T2. From the results of this study, inclusion of sorghum waste tends to depress RBC, PCV, Hb, and WBC, and has no effect on MCV, MCH and MCHC and improved blood protein, blood phosphate and blood calcium.

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Published

2022-04-14

How to Cite

OBIENYEM, J. N., EZEBO, R. O., OZOH, C. N., OMUMUABUIKE, J. N., & NWANKWO, C. A. (2022). EFFECT OF SUBSTITUTING MAIZE WITH SORGHUM WASTE ON BLOOD PARAMETERS OF BROILER IN NIGERIA. Quantum Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 3(1), 1–13. Retrieved from https://qjoest.com/index.php/qjoest/article/view/57

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